Coronavirus: despite the crisis, recruitment difficulties remain

New measurement tool in support, the Ministry of Labor asked the social partners to select half a dozen branches among the most affected by hiring problems. The method, but especially the timetable for resolving the difficulties question.

The job of electrical draftsman was one of the most difficult for recruiters last year.

The crisis will wipe out 840,000 jobs this year, INSEE predicts. Enough to relegate to the background the problem, very significant in the months before confinement, of recruitment difficulties in certain professions? Not really.

Not only did these tensions return before their level before the health crisis for certain positions – site managers or work supervisors, for example. But they constitute a potential brake on the recovery, estimates the Ministry of Labor in a study published Thursday.

Decided to take the bull by the horns, Matignon has included the subject on the already extensive agenda of consultations with the social partners. Discussions also started on Monday, during the second session during which unions and employers were able to discover a new measurement tool, annual for the moment, available in 186 trades and up to the territory.

Several indicators

Developed by Dares, the statistical department of the ministry, and Pôle emploi, this tool provides a main indicator, fed in particular by the number of job offers per unemployed person without activity. In addition, there are six additional indicators likely to shed light on the causes of these tensions: volume of recruitments, working conditions, quality of jobs offered or even lack of available labor.

Unsurprisingly, given the continued improvement in the labor market until containment, it emerges that tensions have never been greater since 2011 than last year. On the first three steps of the most difficult trades to fill we found first that of draftsman in electricity or electronics, followed by that of technician in mechanics and metalworking, then of building and public works engineer, site manager. and works supervisor.

Three questions

As conceived, this tool cannot shed light on what will happen in 2020 even if it is very likely that, given the drop in hiring in particular, the national indicator for all trades combined is down, estimates the Dares. . Still, the impact of the crisis is not the same in each profession or each territory. “There are tensions in trades that we have been talking about for decades and that we do not resolve because the players designate each other”, says one in the entourage of the Minister of Labor, Elisabeth Borne.

The site is vast, but some are wondering about the target schedule, first half of 2021 a priori even if this has not been officially indicated. From the consultation session on Monday, unions and employers came out with three questions on which the ministry asked them to work: by which professional branches to start among the most concerned (half a dozen maximum), how to work with them (under the guidance of the General Inspectorate of Social Affairs or a qualified person) and when should action plans be provided?

Each confederation must therefore contact its federations to provide a list of candidates, all within a very short period of time, to decide on a method before delving into the root of the problem, branch by branch. With, already, some questions such as the fact that the salary was not taken into account in the tool of Dares and Pôle Emploi, underlines Karen Gournay, confederal secretary at FO.