Dropping out of school: the bonus of combining a subsidized job and training

The Ministry of Labor carried out a testing operation to assess the contribution, for young dropouts, of going through a supported job and through training. The combination of the two allows them almost to play on an equal footing with young people who have left the education system with a diploma.

The youth guarantee scheme is managed by the local missions.

This is a first in the study of the driving forces behind professional integration. The Ministry of Labor published Thursday the results, rich in information, of a test on the impact of experience and subsequent training on the future of school dropouts.

Its conclusions are not revolutionary in the sense that they show, on the one hand, that the initial acquisition of a diploma maximizes the chances of integration into the world of work and that, on the other hand, experience as a qualification acquired subsequently increase the chances of finding a job for young people who have left the school system with nothing. But the study makes it possible to measure the extent of this catching-up effect and it is major.

The stakes are high. If the number of school dropouts has declined in recent years, there are still some 100,000 who leave the school system without a diploma each year. Not to mention the impact of the health crisis this year following confinement, or even next year …

Initial training bonus

The testing, which took place in 2018, consisted of sending nearly 11,000 male applications with the only difference between sending the school and professional career in response to offers taken on the site of Pôle Emploi for two professions: cook and builder. Trades for which there are sometimes recruitments without a diploma.

Cécile Ballini, from the research department of the Ministry of Labor (Dares) and Jérémy Hervelin, from the Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (Crest) looked at the reactions of employers according to profile, between graduates, non graduates inactive for the second consecutive year, non-graduates on a subsidized contract (employment of the future) and non-graduates who have accumulated such a job for one year with a certifying professional training. Contact, request for additional information, business proposal or outright hiring… These positive responses have been compiled to give “callback rates” by relating them to the number of applications for the same type of profile.

Efforts pay off

Applications from young people who left the school system with a CAP obtained a response rate of 27.9% when it is only 10% for dropouts who were inactive for two years. But the professional experience and even more the CAP obtained after dropping out are a real plus, with respectively a recall rate of 21% and 21.9%, i.e. twice as much as a dropout who cannot display either one neither.

The most striking result, however, is that of young people who have accumulated professional experience and training. Their recall rate, of 26.1%, is only slightly lower than the recall rate of young people leaving the school system with a CAP. With almost equality for masons (23.3% against 23.6%) and a little less good for cooks (23.3% against 28.8%). This conclusion, which shows that the efforts pay off clearly, supports the support for young dropouts developed within the framework of the youth guarantee.

The study also shows that subsidized jobs, criticized by some, are an important integration aid for young dropouts by allowing them to acquire professional experience. It remains to be seen whether the subsidized jobs that the government has decided to relaunch will benefit this public or that of young graduates entering a totally depressed labor market.